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Sweden and the continent - same territory - Sweden and the continent  - many landscapes to look after ...

                                                                                                  ...sur le paysage ?

                                                                       ...actuellement dans une page bilingue...

Le citoyen - plus qu'un figurant!  
UNISCAPE: Landscape&Imagination, Paris 2013+ Allegory-Siena +The Liberals - in the centre of an important civil debate= True?

© Pictures by UNISCAPE - a university network of ELC implementation (left), a new Landscape Observatory in Skåne which proudly announces itself as being : In favour of greater knowledge and dialogue between the actors of landscape (middle). And finally a picture of a liberal network striving to create actual policy out of some sustainable ideals of power-sharing and independence ... (right) More

"... all express the same landscape IDEAL of JUSTICE"

... writes Landscape Planning Professor Kenneth Olwig in a profoundly interesting - and worrying -  article of the Landskapsobservatorium Skåne. Especially when put together with another article one by Jerker Moström, Statistic expert who has figured out that a sort of type landscape or meridian landscape. situating Mr Middle-Svensson in his Middle-Landscape roughly in a small private houses neighbourship in the outskirts of small town Eslöv, "if anybody should be feeling thrilled"...

...  And especially onthe yearly event of the European Heritage Day - today - we should consider these facets...

Many, many feel that for a lot of reasons we may arrive at a conclusion, at least in many places, that as had said the Irish planning teacher Brendan O'Sullivan: If the landscape term  will be use to describe all things, it may end up describing nothing...Here comes the English vs of the Carl Staaff Fond Report

Landscape & Imagination - the Book!This is why the sharing of words and shared meanings are so profoundly important- showed by the scientific network UNISCAPE offered this sort of opening up to the view of others and genuine DIALOGUE in its successful conference LANDSCAPE & IMAGINATION in May, 2013, Paris. You may read more what Brendan O'Sullivan said under the theme of Governance in the big Book, that was the result of the Conference and is downloadable from the UNISCAPE site.

Talking about the meaning, use - or misuse - of words you may also consider a few thoughts from the Preface of the Book:

"Under the theme of epistemology, terms and concepts common to landscape discourses are analysed and critiqued. The concepts behind the terms ‘landscape’, ‘milieu’, ‘place’, ‘environment’, ‘territory’, ‘heritage’ and so on, are complex and potentially problematic on account not just of cultural and linguistic specificities but also different philosophical, religious and intellectual traditions. Meanings can be both lost and gained in translation from one language to another. Only by exploring and embracing these semantic differences can we begin the journey of understanding and learning from one another."

Landscape Bureau or Observatory or Both?

From this point you may then feel like exploring a Swedish contribution in this context of 718 pages in English, containing 141 "peer-reviewed" articles on six themes. Eva Salevids contribution is under the above mentionned epistemology theme and is called Fumbling for Light in Forested Areas. You may find it - this is a risk all of us has to take when really is far from satisfactory - somewhat sketchy, perhaps like a grim fairy tale from northern horizons. But the actual reality underlying it has in fact been described in Swedish in 2012, by reporters of Dagens Nyheter and an architect of  a book, last year called Vykort från Utopia /Post-Cards from Utopia

And the strivings go on: see the new 
Charter on Landscape Observatories that develops during 2013Experts from different European countries agreed on the importance of the LANDSCAPE OBSERVATORIES in a meeting in Florence recently in order to achieve the full implementation of the EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION and drafted a brief text that takes into account the auspices of the COUNCIL OF EUROPE for the establishment of Landscape Observatories and landscape Research Centres through out Europe. The text of the Charter was available in their press release and L&C, due to our previous participation with UNISCAPE invited to sign it: Looking forward to the continuation...
An Observatory is an important means of participation: We know for sure that in the Council of Europe's Recommendation CM/Rec (2008)3 on the Guidelines for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention these “landscape observatories, centers and institutes” are one of the main instruments for the implementation of landscape policies"...


Svenskt stuprör vid Storgatan

More attention is now given to cultural heritage considerations by EU!

Andra länder har råd med ARV!
"References to cultural heritage and landscape in the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment.

The revised Directive can also contribute significantly to the duty of the Union to take cultural aspects into account in all its policies and actions.

(11) Protection and promotion of cultural heritage and landscapes, which are an integral part of the cultural diversity that the Union is committed to respect and promote in accordance with Article 167(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, can usefully build on definitions and principles developed in relevant Council of Europe Conventions, in particular the Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, the European Landscape Convention and the Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society." Read more 


"Do history studies courses"

In Sweden some researchers fear that cultural heritage is somewhat a false friend - encouraging the historic narratives - not changing History... Not so historian Nikolas GLOVER:

...This proposal was the simple and final conclusion of this History researcher in his speech during the Stockholm University Research Days last autumn: About his book:

"In Stockholm in January 1945, an assembly of Swedish diplomats and businessmen initiated an organisation that was to improve the country’s reputation abroad. The new, semi-governmental Swedish Institute was charged with explaining Sweden’s policy of neutrality during the war, encouraging peace-building, and promoting foreign trade in the new international world order. But how was all this to be achieved?
In National Relations the historian Nikolas Glover analyses the policies, funding and national narratives of the Swedish Institute. He provides a historical perspective on the politics of promoting Swedish culture abroad, and on how ideas of communication shaped the Institute’s work and its representations of Sweden. His wide-ranging analysis addresses the specific conditions of small-state public diplomacy: the influential domestic interests involved as well as the global context that dictated the ways in which claims to national uniqueness were framed.
National relations: public diplomacy, natikonal identity and the ASwed Inst 1945-1970”. Read more



A new year 2012 - Many landscapes - High risks

This was indeed the message of the CIVILSCAPE Working Group around "Landscape at Risk" - that recently held its 1st Working Group meeting in Strasbourg, in the framework of the Conference of iNGOs at the Council of Europe.

This message also shows how deeply related to the works and doings of the civil society - as an independent level working side by side to private organisations and universities in every country - should be in those States ( and Sweden is among them!) now working to implement the European Landscape Convention, (ELC).

Landscape&Citizens' is a network that is very happy to have even been invited to participate in this process - which of course concerns us deeply, having from the start of the page seen the important work executed by the Council of Europe ( CoE) in this field.

The meeting in Strasbourg decided that it shall concentrate on one theme for the time being and in view of an important hearing in th EU Parliament in June 2012, that you may read more about at : the impacts on the change of our landscapes for renewable energy caused by the present energy policies in many countries. It was decided to concentrate on only one aspect, namely the bypassing of the common democratic rules by emergency laws to ensure a quick implementation of the new energy policies. Also, said the meeting, this reclaims to address other bodies at the CoE, which are concerned by these policies:
  • The Congress of Local and Regional Governments
  • The Parliamentary Assembly
  • Human rights groups
It was argued at the meeting that landscape issues concerning changes in energy policy are directly linked to the fundamental questions of social and human rights.

Something that this website, though small and working independenty, has been stressing from its very beginning in 2006. Landscape&Citizens refuse to perceive the role of the citizen only as a "by-stander" - too often the case, in reality.

Here are the arguments of the working group, which, naturally we also subscribe to:

"We need to focus our working group on one theme, to be able to produce significant results and make an impact in the short timescale of the group. Energy policy will have an enormous impact on our landscapes, create completely new landscapes and will have a tremendous impact on millions of people. The changes in the level and types of consultation between civil society and policy makers will lead to unrest. Developers as well as authorities and public administrations will face a great deal of civil resistance if the situation is not managed properly: i.e. with maximum transparency and significant democratic participation. Renewable Energy sounds good, but from previous experience, energy developments can easily have devastating negative effects when not done in a sustainable and intelligent form, for example the focus on bio-fuels increased the devastation of primeval forests in the southern hemisphere, it led to a rise of prices for basic nutrition, which resulted in hunger and social unrest in some of the poorest countries of the world. "

Although, Landscape&Citizens is - apart from general info on the ELC - especially concerned with the aspects relating to laws and regulations that, especially in Sweden, sometimes seem to bypass democratic procedures, that would help the people to live and fulfill their true rights to an active citizensship in society, we are indeed also very concerned about the fundamental principle concerning civic participation in the area of wind farming!

Here landscape is most visibly at stake. At risk!

You may consult the whole result of the first Working Group meeting here.

With a start in a small number of possibly interested people, launched only in Swedish today, our idea is to produce henceforth a newsletter that should concern both Swedes and English speakers from other countries, within short.
The main theme of the newsletter will probably be on rural heritage - also at risk, at many places... Please, signe up for the newsletter here!

One, small, contribution to one Europe. 

What's up with landscape after the Swedish ratification of the European Landscape Convention  on the 5th January 2011? A lot. But the need of more eyes have rarely been bigger!

That's why Landscape & Citizens, first, have taken a step backward, enjoying a creative pause. Second, the network has been pondering how to make communication more interesting in this new situation!

One of the most important things that the network can do is informing the Swedish public, since very little official time has been spent on this - and, as the saying goes, only if people are well informed, are they likely to participate: one of the corner stones of ELC.

But also inform our European counterparts, since transborder collaboration is another important thing...

But people in Sweden often are rather "hesitant"  vis-à-vis French ( a language that "unfortunately" happens to be one of the web master's educational corner stones...).

Consequently, here is now an English-French test of a web page, with a shorter and linguistically "impure" starting page.

L&C mix languages in order to facilitate landscape approaches!

- Willkommen / Bienvenu / Welcome !

... Une page d'acceuil que nous sommes obligés de simplifier beaucoup...

En ces temps de crise financière grave pour l'Europe le Landscape & Citizens network va désormais opter pour une seule page non-suédoise, c'est notre page "franglaise".

Nous espérons ainsi pouvoir être plus proches aux évenéments qui nous concernent, et qui concernent les paysages en Suède, c'est-à-dire, comment cette belle convention, la CEP, va rester au centre de l'intérêt de tous en Europe, peu importe la langue... (Voir la figure de Bas Pedroli, ci-dessous). Donc :

May this page be some sort of a meeting-point between different "stakeholders" - stakeholders  that every page, separetely, try to specify...

Bas Pedroli puttiong networks in place!

NGO's: completing,

(not merely expressing, Top-Down)
government's implementation...

This is why Landscape&Citizens are increasingly tented by the European Network of Local and Regional Authorities for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention
RECEP-ENELC. RECEP-ENELC is an international association of local and regional authorities promoting the implementation of the European Landscape Convention continent-wide. It was established in 2006, under the aegis of the Council of Europe’s Congress of Local and Regional Authorities.

RECEP-ENELC is part of Eurolandscape, a network gathering universities (UNISCAPE), civil society (CIVILSCAPE) and territorial public authorities in support of the Convention.

Moreover, it contributes, as a Partner Organisation, to the monitoring process of the Convention carried out in the framework of the Council of Europe. The permanent headquarters of RECEP-ENELC are in Florence, Italy.


The ELC, though central to so many people's livng environments - the landscape - is not everywhere considered a matter of civil interest... W believe it should be. Just as in this figure, where, clearly, certainly not only goverments and in the Swedish case, central Authorities are central in the implementation process. Universities (UNISCAPE) and non-governmental organizations (CIVILSCAPE) may actually be in an even closer position...
That is why L&C this autumn 2011, is particularly happy to be among the CIVILSCAPE Partners !

This is the NGO Platform of CIVILSCAPE, proposed by Bas Pedroli on the 23rd February, 2008, in Florence - the natural Capital of a convention, ELC, bearing the the nick name:
The Florence Convention:

  • transfer of knowledge concentrating on landscape management (actor participation, financing landscape management, quality objectives, assessment methods, etc.),
  • exchange of experiences focussing on local projects (including excursions),
  • strategy development to influence national and EU-policies affecting landscape and to put landscape on the European Agenda,
  • stimulation of cross- and transnational projects on  landscape management. 

Landscape&Citizens can only remark that this is precisely what we have been doing all along on these humble pages, for now quite a while.

And thus are comfortable in join the CIVILSCAPE group of Partners! In Sweden, the need to go beyond "the rhetoric of slogans" is perhaps even more acute, since the natural sciences narrative of biodiversity is indeed dominant.

Whereas really thorough media discussions, that may inform inhabitants, readers and the normal citizen about the meaning of "public"and "landscape" are rather lacking.

However, there is in Sweden an increasingly bigger popular involvement in what ought to be considered landscape issus and social issues, for instance concerning the "Slussen" Project in central Stockholm, see or Or the Salt Cristals of central Helsingborg in Skåne, "Saltkristallerna".The radio programs on our terribly Divided Land/ "Kluvet land", last summer in the Swedish radio was sent on prime time, see ...

Read more about us and other non-govermental organizations on the Swedish page at :

Also find our Platform here


Ça existe, les « enterrements »


 C'est un terme d'usage parmi les journalistes: "les enterrements".

Les silences imposées ou seulement resignées dans une culture de silences... Parfois - et c'est alors d'autant plus triste -  après un grand débat - mal mené...

Par example, de première actualité: le "Slussen" projet de Stockholm-Centre.
Méprise de la vision forte, simple et architecturale au bon sens du mot de départ ( Fosters & Partners) ("l'encontre entre la ville et l'archipel"). Dérive vers des solutions purement/ banalement de circulation - peur de l'architecture, quand elle risque d'être synonyme de beauté... Manque de confiance, vis-à-vis de ce mot...

Sans doute, dans une autre culture, les politiques-et-agents concernés auraient pu porter la Convention du paysage plus proche de la connaissance au quotidien des Suédois... On aurait pu s'imaginer une information large dans les média visant directement les couches moyennes et populaires. Or, il n'est quasiment rien ...

C'est la raison pour laquelle nous continuons à voir une mission « interculturelle » de cette page, Landscape&Citizens! En Suède, on a tendance à voir la profession des journalistes - comme parfois les professions et les experts tout court - comme sacro-sainte ou stars.... Cela donne des moments de forte "chasse médiatique", certes.

Mais, helàs, parfois trop peu d'appreciation vis-à-vis des intellectuels, voire des intervenants individuels en politique... Un Bernard-Henry Levy, p ex, avec sa récente La Guerre sans l'aimer - où sont les intellectuels...? 

Pour finir - pour commencer:

L&C peut en cette fin d'année 2011 récommender/ inviter à ce genre de débat sociétal qui invite également cherche(!) et recherche(s) illustré par cette tribune dans Le Nouvel Observateur, l'été passé (« Les racines de la haine. Après le drame de Norvège »):

 On est loin du cliché de démocratie apaisée qui colle aux pays nordiques...
Il y a en Europe du Nord à la fois une approche très conformiste du débat politique et des formes de contestation très violentes de ce conformisme. Les formations populistes et xénophobes surfent sur ces réflexes "antisystème" pour se poser en alternative aux sociaux-démocrates et aux libéraux. Cette protestation est attisée par l'évolution ethnique de ces sociétés. En Europe du Nord, il n'y a ni tradition historique coloniale ni position géographique méditerannéenne, proche de l'Afrique: le choc culturel provoqueé par l'immigration y est beaucoup plus important »

Et encore, cette observation par Dominque Reynié, professeur aux Sciences-Po, Paris, et qui vient d'écrire selon le même numéro de l'Obs un livre: Populismes: la pente fatale (Plon):

«  Nous sommes passés dans l'ère de l'impossible dissimulation car nous sommes engagés dans un processus de recomposition  ethnoculturelle des sociétés européennes. Il affecte d'autant  plus rudement les sociétés qu'elles sont culturellement plus homogènes. C'est le cas de la Finlande, de la Suède, du Danemark. Et de la Norvège. Dans ce pays comme dans les autres, aucun travail sérieux sur les différences, sur les compromis nécessaires, sur l'intégration n'a été fait; aucune pédagogie à l'égard des "dèjà-là" alors que s'estompe le '"modèle" d'une Europe blanche, politiquement dominatrice, économiquement forte, capable de susciter l'admiration des nouveaux arrivants. D'où des réactions d'une extrême brutalité. »

//... "a process of recomposition of ethnies and cultures in European societies - in Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway this is felt even tougher. Because there has been no serious effort to analyze the differences  and necessary compromises when integrating people. There are no pedagogical methods for how those people 'already-in-place' could cope with difficulties in a way that would inspire some admiration among the new-comers - and this in a period of time when the 'model' of a politically dominating, economically strong Europe fades away. This gives raise to extremely brutal reactions" ...

[as on what appeared a heavenly beautiful, natural landscape , the Isle of Utoya, Norway - last July turned into hell in a national drama of hate.]

En revanche, pensons-nous, il existe une véritable idolâtrie vis-à-vis d'une Suède projetée pour de bon dans une Modernité  qui n'en finit jamais, multiculturelle, et où le patrimoine (pour peu qu'il n'a pas été abattu comme les autres arbres) n'a de valeur que si il est porté vers le Futur, toujours...

L'héritage, complèxe expression de l'histoire, porté matériellement et immatériellement par nous, les contemporains, est ainsi réduit dans le débat en terroir nostalgique...

Heureusement, nous venons d'apprendre que l'expérience des paysages historiques existent bel et bien en leur propre droits - quelque part. C'est ce que vient de nous communiquer la radio suédoise dans une nouvelle de ICOMOS, menaçant de soustraire l'unique paysage de l'Ile d'Öland, si le plan national persiste et signe, pui réalisera les intentions d'y faire élever des parcs d'eoliennes...

Landscape&Citizens proclame, donc haut et fort son droit de ne pas se taire quant au paysage(s) en Suède. Ainsi que son droit, bien sûr, à la "participation" - si possible en forme de projets internationaux:  "Landscape as a Project" - comme le disait si bien quelqu'un...

Earlier news on this page:  


After the Conference:

“Landscape and tourism in Gothenburg: Watch out: Skåne is not alone...

RECEP-ENELC på plats i Göteborg, november 2010The ratification of the Landscape Convention in Sweden  is a signal. In the Västra Götaland Region the above conference gave lots and lots of good arguments for a new "European Branding” of the landscape, in this country. But it was also clearly said that now, even more urgently than ever, the broad cooperation between various levels and actors bringing ( for instance) construction-tourism-and- agriculture to an equally higher level, must be encouraged.   

© (right)

... Not least regionally. And not least in the interest of that "living landscape" that we also want – not Disneyland!

RECEP-ENELC is a Florence-based organisation helping authorities, communities, county councils and Regions  to increase citizens awareness to the landscape in accordance with the ELC so that these may find easier to perceive the notion of landscape, understand it in their own places and contribute to its full development.


Landscape in Region Skåne"The government decided last Thursday, 11th Nov. 2010, to ratify the European Landscape Convention. It is a regional convention for Europe that means to preserve and recognize the importance of the surrounding landscape. The Convention aims among other things to improve the protection, management and planning. It was developed by the Council of Europe and includes countries that are members of the Council of Europe.

The government has also instructed the National Heritage Board, in cooperation with concerned authorities to initiate development work on implementation of the Convention in Sweden. The commission will also suggest which authorities are responsible for coordinating the implementation of the Convention in different social processes.


"The EU influences Scania - 
 Scania influences the EU"     Region Skåne

How about the status of the Rural Heritage Guide by CEMAT- Council of Europe, in Scania/SWEDEN?

" Please, feel welcome to a meeting in order to listen, have a cup of coffee and discuss the environment issues and the cooperation around the Baltic Sea..."

Those were the words, and off we went to Kristianstad, Scania, on a November night, last year....

The organisation Landscape & Citizens had just been informed that financially - finally - we were supported by the Swedish Region of Scania (Skåne) in order to present a project of the beautiful CEMAT Rural Heritage Guide of the Council of Europe

Please, find here a contribution in order to anchor even more the landscape and the rural heritage as one of the " driving forces"for the implementation of the ELC. From the perspective of the "enlightened citizen". In Scania. And, hopefully, in Sweden.


Landscape & Citizens have had its logo since 2006, Knowing more - creating better, meaning that the Convention would have  an important role in Scania as a partly independant Region, and in transition. This role is important for all the citizens of Scania - and for Sweden as a whole. It is a a territory that unites Sweden with Europe - only by looking at the map... In the new Baltic Sea Region ( BSR) - one of the successes during the period of the Swedish EU-Presidency - since it now exists also formally, we mean that it would be a very good idea to use the CEMAT Rural Heritage Guide from the Council of Europe, as an efficient tool for regional promotion - and of course Swedish.

Obviously, the national debate among politicians and citzens concerning Regions of Europe (a text in Swedish by plitical scientist Johan Tällberg) has long been especially fervent in Scania, and in the Gothenburg and Stockholm Regions. Scania may thus influence positively all of Sweden. A good deed, indeed, in that case, since the Swedish people - a bit unhappily - has also long had a tendency to make him- or herself known as, sort of The Reluctant European - title of an interesting book ( in Swedish) by former EU-negotiator, etc, for Sweden before entering the EU, Ulf Dinkenspiel.

With the recent proposal by the Swedish government to the parliament late last year to ratify the European Landscape Convention, we hope to have more to say in this field within very short...

In the meantime, we just as much as other individuals/groups of the Swedish civil society, try to connect "europeanly". Landscape & Citizens, during summer and autumn 2009, were also lucky to get to know a Spanish NGO in the field of landscape and ecology: ECOPÀS. Reading their site make us green with jealosy!  Three of their textes in a meeting taking place in Madrid simultaneously as the Swedish meeting during the Presidency at Malmö/Alnarp, are in English. Otherwise, it is hoped that your Spanish is OK... In particular, don't miss the contribution in the final part by Dr Teresa Villarino Valdivieso: "Landscape is also mine", page 173: so funny, so free - and so in search for quality!



"Landscape and driving forces" in Malmö/Alnarp 

Det händer i MalmöOf all the many possible answers we chose to focus on the European Landscape Convention itself - since this is too rarely done, especially with "Copenhagen" close ahead...
Indeed, the 8e WS of the ELC in Malmö seems to be met with a considerable interest from all over Europe, and the world.  This positive interest for the Convention was also shown in the opinions from different Swedish Authorities in regard to the proposal of implementation of the


                             Svenske kungen ser på AVE                                                  
 Swedish National Heritage Board ; the Proposal is available in English on the site of the Board.

On the other hand all these opinions also seemed to reflect a certain Swedish dualism, between traditionally strong interests of  nature and nature protection and physical sciences in Sweden, on the one hand, and the much weaker arts and culture interests in Sweden, on the other.

There is a certain lack of interest/understanding for the importance of culture-for-society, in general. This might be due to the fact that there is practically no "market" for any other big foreign language in Sweden than the one you are reading. It has been argued that this circumstance alone is a threat to democracy everywhere. Indeed, a greater variety of foreign languages within the frame of the implementation process would certainly be able to help implementing the the Landscape Convention among individual Swedes.

We will return on this subject in another context. In the mean-time, Landscape & Citizens, as most of these Swedish Authorities mentinned above, continues to suggest a ratification of the the European Landscape Convention - and as thorougly as possible.

Also, read and discuss more the original texts is our message; the rest should follow more easily...
A positive thing about the Proposal of the Swedish National Heritage Board after its "tour" among some 70 Swedish  Authorities, was how strongly it shows the interest of different and various Authorities to take on a real responsibility; certainly is this in line with the Convention and possibly also with the Proposal of the Swedish Culture Ministry concerning "Culture for our time", in september.

Now, the most urgent problem for all of us is probably a stronger renationalisation of responsibilities, because of the fincancial crisis. But shouldn't the very strategy of the texts and reports of the Landscape Convention be able to counter this tendency? The ELC calls for more - not less - European cooperation!

Landscape & Citizens wants to point out to Swedish politicians-and-agents that 30 other European countries were probably not mistaken, as they ratified Convention. Saying this, to us, means claiming that Swedish citizens, too, should have their chance to dream and participate on landscape issues, and take in more general knowledge.

With the now starting debate on high-speed trains/ TGV:s/ AVE..., in Sweden, ideas, too, will probably now start moving a lot faster.

And after all, we might all see each again, in Spain, for the 9th WS of the ELC, only year! The Swedish King went there already this summer and summed up about those very talked-about Spanish trains in his usual way: “Impresionado”... 

 Eva Salevid     Knowing more - creating betterMieux connaître pour mieux créer     Council of Europe alias Conseil de l'Europe
 Info: Landscape&Citizens                           Last up-dated: 16-04-27           © Design: GMS Ord & Mening 2006